23 October 2021
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Saint Petersburg State Forest Technical University > MUSEUM OF FORESTRY named after G.F.  MOROZOV

MUSEUM OF FORESTRY named after G.F.  MOROZOV

The muse­um of forestry is locat­ed in the main build­ing of the Uni­ver­si­ty at the Insti­tute of For­est and Nature Use.  The muse­um was named after its cre­ator — G.F.  Moro­zov (1867–1920), an out­stand­ing Russ­ian sci­en­tist, a clas­si­cal schol­ar of forestry, a true expert of nature.

Pay­ing great atten­tion to the vis­i­bil­i­ty of teach­ing and orga­niz­ing edu­ca­tion­al muse­ums, he set the goal of col­lect­ing and show­ing in the Muse­um of Forestry every­thing that could help stu­dents to study the basic process­es and pat­terns of for­est life more thor­ough­ly.  “The task of the for­est muse­um,” wrote G.F.  Moro­zov, — is to show on vivid exam­ples the essence of  for­est as a bio­log­i­cal, social and geo­graph­i­cal phenomenon “.

The muse­um was cre­at­ed at the time when Pro­fes­sor G.F. Moro­zov was the Head of the Depart­ment of Gen­er­al Forestry.  The muse­um was used for prac­ti­cal pur­pos­es. It was fur­ther devel­oped after the revolution.

The cen­tre­piece of the first hall of the Muse­um is occu­pied by a skil­ful­ly made mod­el — a plot of a real Russ­ian for­est — dry pine for­est typ­i­cal for the cen­tral part of Euro­pean Rus­sia.  Under the crowns of mature pines there grow young fir trees, young pines, birch­es;  low­er on- shrubs: juniper, heather with very small stiff leaves, ele­gant fish­net ferns.  The sur­face of the soil is cov­ered with soft moss, gray­ish-white dry lichens.  In such forests mush­rooms and berries grow abun­dant­ly.  Here one can see crim­son cran­ber­ries, and there – a bole­tus mush­room with a brown cap and orange cap bole­tus mush­rooms “sit­ting” deep in the moss.

The expo­si­tion shows clear­ly that the for­est, accord­ing to the doc­trine of G.F.  Moro­zov,  is a com­plex organ­ism, the uni­ty of plant and ani­mal life, soil, atmosphere.

The top­ic of anoth­er dis­play is “For­est and Fau­na”. It shows the inter­ac­tion of for­est with the ani­mals and birds that inhab­it it.  In a large pho­to one can see a mixed for­est and its typ­i­cal inhab­i­tants: squir­rels, owls, wood­peck­ers, tits, wood grouse.  On the mod­el — a schemat­ic sec­tion of soil — the rodents liv­ing in it can be seen: a mole, for­est mice.

In the cen­tre of the hall there are two stands: one con­tains the main doc­u­ments on forests; and the whole area of the oth­er stand is occu­pied by a huge map of the forests of Russia.

The old­est and there­fore espe­cial­ly valu­able exhibits are the sam­ples of the roots of pine and spruce, col­lect­ed by the founder of the Muse­um.  Here you can get acquaint­ed with dif­fer­ent types of soils.

The mod­els “For­est and Light”, “For­est and Pre­cip­i­ta­tion”, “For­est and Wind” demon­strate  the influ­ence of for­est on the dis­tri­b­u­tion of light, pre­cip­i­ta­tion; the role of wind in the life of the forest.

In the sec­ond hall of the muse­um there are five large show-win­dows with very well made for­est mod­els.  This is one and the same sec­tion of for­est demon­strat­ing species suc­ces­sion dur­ing 100–150 years under the influ­ence of cli­mat­ic con­di­tions, eco­nom­ic activ­i­ty and changes in soil com­po­si­tion.  The mod­el vivid­ly illus­trates one of the main pro­vi­sions of Moro­zov’s doc­trine that in the for­est there is a con­stant strug­gle for exis­tence, which results in sup­press­ing and forc­ing out the weak by the strong, the strong win­ning in the struggle.

There is also a dis­play devot­ed to log­ging.  Felling is car­ried out on a strict­ly sci­en­tif­ic basis.  It is nec­es­sary to cut for­est down (clear cut, cut grad­u­al­ly or selec­tive­ly) so that it does not suf­fer from it and could grow again, and the most valu­able tree species could be reforested.

In the Muse­um of Forestry named after G.F. Moro­zov there is an inter­est­ing col­lec­tion of fun­gi which par­a­sitize on the trunks of grow­ing trees, as well as the col­lec­tion of pho­tographs of fun­gi and bac­te­ria that destroy wood, for­est birds and animals.

There are many bright colour­ful stands in the sec­ond hall of the Muse­um.  Some of them demon­strate plan­ta­tion types with woody and herba­ceous veg­e­ta­tion and soil  typ­i­cal for them;  oth­ers are ded­i­cat­ed to for­est pro­tec­tion and to fight­ing the most ter­ri­ble ene­my of forests — for­est fires. Some stands  demon­strate what the for­est gives a man, how wood is used in the nation­al economy.

Every­thing in the Muse­um tes­ti­fies to the spe­cial and car­ing atti­tude of grate­ful descen­dants to the name of G.F.  Moro­zov — the coryphaeus of Russ­ian forestry.  The first edi­tions of his works are stored in the Muse­um with great care.  The muse­um reveals to us the secrets of the for­est, the teach­ings of which made G.F.  Moro­zov world famous.